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This course consists in an overview of central themes in analytical metaphysics viewed from a broadly realist perspective. We begin with a historical overview of analytical metaphysics and a discussion of general categories such as universals, particulars, processes, dispositions and functions. We then extend these general categories to specific areas such as documents and document acts, social reality, disease, money, and war. The course will be of interest not only to philosophers but also to those interested in ontological applications.
+
== '''The Course''' ==
  
Department of Philosophy: PHI 531. Registration number [http://www.buffalo.edu/class-schedule?switch=showclass&semester=fall&division=GRAD&dept=PHI&regnum=  ]
+
This course consists in an overview of central themes in analytic metaphysics viewed from a broadly realist perspective. We begin with a historical overview of analytic metaphysics and a discussion of general categories such as universals, particulars, processes, dispositions and functions. We then extend these general categories to specific areas such as social reality, documents and document acts, disease, money, and war. The course will be of interest not only to philosophers but also to those interested in ontological applications.  
  
'''Time''': Tuesdays, 1-3:50pm, Spring 2016
+
Department of Philosophy: Special Topics PHI 598. Registration number: [http://www.buffalo.edu/class-schedule?switch=showclass&semester=spring&division=GRAD&dept=PHI&regnum=24232 24232]
  
'''PLEASE NOTE: The first session will take place on February 2
+
'''Time''': Tuesdays, 1-3:50pm, Spring 2016
  
 
'''Room''': 141 Park Hall, UB North Campus
 
'''Room''': 141 Park Hall, UB North Campus
Line 11: Line 11:
 
'''Instructor''': [http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith Barry Smith]  
 
'''Instructor''': [http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith Barry Smith]  
  
'''Office hours''': By appointment via email at [mailto:phismith@buffalo.edu]  
+
'''Office hours''': Tuesdays, 12:15-1pm and by appointment via email to [mailto:phismith@buffalo.edu]  
  
 
<div class="noautonum">__TOC__</div>
 
<div class="noautonum">__TOC__</div>
== '''The Course''' ==
 
  
 +
== '''Recommended background reading''' ==
  
Reading:
+
:R. Arp, B. Smith, A. D. Spear, ''[https://mitpress.mit.edu/index.php?q=books/building-ontologies-basic-formal-ontology Building Ontologies with Basic Formal Ontology]''
 
:John R. Searle, ''Making the Social World''
 
:John R. Searle, ''Making the Social World''
 
:E. J. Lowe, ''The Four Category Ontology''
 
:E. J. Lowe, ''The Four Category Ontology''
 
:Roman Ingarden, ''The Literary Work of Art. An Investigation on the Borderlines of Ontology, Logic, and Theory of Language''
 
:Roman Ingarden, ''The Literary Work of Art. An Investigation on the Borderlines of Ontology, Logic, and Theory of Language''
:R. Arp, B. Smith, A. D. Spear, ''Building Ontologies with Basic Formal Ontology''
 
  
== '''Background''' ==
+
== '''Schedule''' ==
  
== - February 2: Analytical Metaphysics: Introduction and Historical Background==
+
== February 2: Analytic Metaphysics: Introduction and Historical Background==
*Aristotle
+
Aristotle
*Frege, Russell, Wittgenstein
+
:[http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/articles/What'sWrong.pdf What's Wrong with Contemporary Philosophy?]
*Husserl and the Polish School
+
:[http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/book/austrian_philosophy/ Austrian Philosophy]
*Contemporary Analytical Metaphysics
+
:[http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/articles/napflion.pdf Objects and Their Environments: From Aristotle to Ecological Ontology]
*Universals and Particulars
+
:[http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/book/P&M/pieces.pdf Pieces of a Theory]
 +
:[http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/courses16/Analytic_Metaphysics/1.ppt Slides]
 +
:[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9ZG0-71Qk6s Video]
  
== - February 9: Things and Processes; Parts and Wholes ==
+
== February 9: Ontology of Deontic Entities ==
*Eddy Zemach
+
:[https://mitpress.mit.edu/index.php?q=books/building-ontologies-basic-formal-ontology Building Ontologies with Basic Formal Ontology, Chapter 5]
*3-Dimensionalism and 4-Dimensionalism
+
:[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AaFnMesr6uQ Massively Planned Social Agency]
*E. J. Lowe
+
:[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JWN4Uo-GjjE Document Acts and the Ontology of Social Reality]
*Basic Formal Ontology
+
:[http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/articles/SearleIntro.pdf John Searle: From Speech Acts to Social Reality]
*[http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/book/P&M/pieces.pdf Pieces of a Theory]
+
:[http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/courses16/Analytic_Metaphysics/2.pdf Slides] [[Contents]]
 +
:[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W4Vefe5p6p4 Video]
  
== - February 16 Qualities, Roles, Dispositions and Functions; Acts of Measurement==
+
== February 16: Ontology of Deontic Entities (continued) ==
*[https://mitpress.mit.edu/index.php?q=books/building-ontologies-basic-formal-ontology Building Ontologies with Basic Formal Ontology, Chapter 5]
+
:[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AaFnMesr6uQ Massively Planned Social Agency]
 +
:[http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/courses16/Analytic_Metaphysics/3.pdf Slides]
 +
:[https://youtu.be/Hk6Df2geYiQ Video]
 +
:See also materials [http://ncorwiki.buffalo.edu/index.php/Workshop_on_BFO_and_the_Ontology_of_Social_Entities_2016 here]
  
== - February 23: Use of Ontologies in Tracking Systems: Truth, Reference and Aboutness ==
+
== February 23: Ontological Realism ==
*[http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/truthmakers/ Truthmakers]
+
:[http://ontology.buffalo.edu/bfo/IUC.pdf Individuals, Universals and Collections]
*[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PBKsupBquok&feature=youtu.be About Aboutness]
+
:[http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/articles/fiat.htm Fiat Objects]
 +
:[http://link.springer.com.gate.lib.buffalo.edu/article/10.1007%2Fs11098-010-9526-z Endurantist and Perdurantist Accounts of Persistence]
 +
:[http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/courses16/Analytic_Metaphysics/4.pdf Slides]
 +
:[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lcyKZKxFx5A Video]
  
== - March 1: Mind and Language==  
+
== March 1: Material Entities and Process Profiles ==  
*[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3Vw3R5UCcDI The Primacy of the Intentional]
+
:[http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/articles/Classifying_Processes.pdf Classifying Processes: An Essay in Applied Ontology]
 +
:[http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/articles/material_entities.pdf On Classifying Material Entities in Basic Formal Ontology]
 +
:[http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/courses16/Analytic_Metaphysics/5.pptx Slides]
 +
:[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kAmBUNB2amU Video]
  
== - March 8: Actions, Intentions and Plans==
+
== March 8: Mind, Language, Intentionality, Emotions, Truth, and Aboutness ==
*[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AaFnMesr6uQ Massively Planned Social Agency]
+
:[http://ncor.buffalo.edu/2015/icbo-aboutness.pdf About Aboutness]
 +
:[http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/articles/STIDS-2013.pdf Information Artifact Ontology]
 +
:[http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/courses16/Analytic_Metaphysics/6.pptx Slides]
 +
:[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bnLE7-8bRHs Video 1]
 +
:[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PBKsupBquok&feature=youtu.be Video 2: About Aboutness]
  
== - March 15: Spring Recess==
+
== March 22: Document Acts==  
 +
:[http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/articles/document-acts.pdf Document Acts]
 +
:[http://college.holycross.edu/faculty/aborghin/Articles/Philosophy_of_Food/Borghini_2015_JAEE_WhatIsARecipe.pdf What is a Recipe?]
 +
:[http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/courses16/Analytic_Metaphysics/7.pptx Slides]
 +
:[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DRZzYR6_jho Video]
  
== - March 22: Document Acts==  
+
== March 29: Money==
*[http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/articles/SearleIntro.pdf John Searle: From Speech Acts to Social Reality]
+
*[http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/articles/Document-Acts.pdf Document Acts]
+
  
== - March 29: Money==
+
:[http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/articles/searle.pdf The Construction of Social Reality]
 +
:[http://www.phil.gu.se/posters/festskrift2/mnemo_johansson.pdf Money and Fictions]
 +
:[http://www.amazon.com/Philosophy-Emerging-Media-Understanding-Appreciation/dp/0190260750 Toward a Science of Emerging Media]
 +
:[http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/courses16/Analytic_Metaphysics/8.ppt Slides]
 +
:[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d-wmjYbcDBg Video]
  
== - April 5: Populations, Species, and Other Biological Categories==
+
== April 5: The Ontology of Classification==
  
== - April 12: Disease==
+
:[http://hl7-watch.blogspot.com/2008/02/weight-of-baby.html The Weight of the Baby]
 +
:[http://hem.passagen.se/ijohansson/function1.pdf Functions, Function Concepts, and Scales]
 +
:[http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/courses16/Analytic_Metaphysics/9.ppt Slides]
 +
:[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D3Y5sfnvd5Y Video]
  
== - April 19: Wars and Warfighting==
+
== April 12: Organisms and Environments ==
  
== - April 26: Presentations of Student Projects 1==
+
*How to do biology across the Genome
 +
*The central role of the Gene Ontology (GO) and Open Biomedical Ontologies (OBO)
 +
*The ontology of relations
 +
*How to understand biological universals
 +
*[http://ontology.buffalo.edu/bio/berg.pdf Aristotle's Theory of Definition]
 +
*[http://ontology.buffalo.edu/bio/logic_of_classes.pdf The Logic of Biological Classification and the Foundations of Biomedical Ontology]
 +
*The ontology of biological taxa
 +
*[http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/articles/niches.pdf The niche]
  
== - May 3: Presentations of Student Projects 2==
+
:[http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/articles/eruv.pdf On Place and Space: The Ontology of the Eruv]
 +
:[http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/courses16/Analytic_Metaphysics/10.pdf Slides]
 +
:[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pPzPU5k4vn4 Video]
  
== '''Guidance for Presentations and Reports '''==
+
== April 19: Terrorism, Wars and Warfighting==
  
== '''Grading and Related Policies and Services''' ==
+
Lecture by Colonel Bill Mandrick, PhD, Senior Fellow, Center for Special Operations Studies and Research, Joint Special Operations University
  
 +
*Basic Formal Ontology: Accurate descriptions of the operational environment
 +
*Network science for situational awareness
 +
*ASCOPE & PMESII
 +
*Defining 'foreign fighters'
 +
*The future of viral conflict
 +
*BFO and the Global Mobility Enterprise
 +
*Common core ontologies
  
 +
:[http://www.sozphil.uni-leipzig.de/cm/philosophie/files/2013/01/2006b.pdf Defining Terrorism]
 +
:[http://www.casede.org/BibliotecaCasede/SOF_RoleCombatingTOC.pdf#page=157  An Ontological Framework for Understanding the Terror-Crime Nexus]
 +
:[http://militaryontology.com/ Military Ontology]
 +
:[http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/courses16/Analytic_Metaphysics/11.pdf Slides]
 +
:[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8MlxZtLnshQ Video]
  
All students will be required to take an active part in class discussions throughout the semester. In addition they will be required to design and complete an ontology project, including written description, and brief presentation of the project in class. Students enrolled in the practical segment will be required to create a Protégé file to accompany their ontology project, and also to complete quizzes designed to gauge developing competence in the use of the Protégé Ontology Editor and SPARQL query language. 
+
== April 26: Presentations of Student Projects 1==
  
For 3 credit hour students, your grade will be determined in five equal portions deriving from:
+
1:00pm John Beverley: '''Basic Formal Ontology'''
:1. class participation (1.5% per class attended),
+
[http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/courses16/Analytic_Metaphysics/Beverley.pptx Slides] [https://youtu.be/mm_xyEv_0Bk Video]
:2. results of two quizzes relating to the lab portion of the course
+
 
:3. written description of ontology project (3000 words; deadline December 2),
+
1:25pm J. Neil Otte: '''Game Theory Ontology'''
:4. Protégé ontology file (deadline November 25),
+
[http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/courses16/Analytic_Metaphysics/Otte.pptx Slides] [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oY67op_So-0 Video]
:5. class presentation.  
+
 
 +
1:50pm Kejin Cui: '''Ontology and Spatial Relations Between Land Types'''
 +
[http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/courses16/Analytic_Metaphysics/Cui.pptx Slides] [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V_8LwZL25u4 Video]
 +
 
 +
2:15pm Brian Donohue: '''Deontic Ontology''' [http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/courses16/Analytic_Metaphysics/Donohue.pptx Slides]
 +
 
 +
2:40pm Daniel Shaffer: '''The Problem of Customary Law for Legal Ontologies'''
 +
[http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/courses16/Analytic_Metaphysics/Shaffer.pptx Slides] [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MRWI6EDZE7U Video]
 +
 
 +
3:05pm Alec Sculley: '''Tolerable Delinquency'''
 +
[http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/courses16/Analytic_Metaphysics/Sculley.pptx Slides]
 +
 
 +
== May 3: Presentations of Student Projects 2==
 +
 
 +
1:00pm Jeon-Young Kang: '''Qualitative Reasoning with GPS Sensor Data to Estimate Infectious Disease Transmission''' [http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/courses16/Analytic_Metaphysics/Kang.pptx Slides] [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LydZBtN-FeA Video]
 +
 
 +
1:30pm Fumiaki Toyoshima: '''Towards an Ontology of Schizophrenia''' [http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/courses16/Analytic_Metaphysics/Toyoshima.pptx Slides] [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ISxtIgsmF0s Video]
 +
 
 +
2:00pm Francesco Franda: '''Defining ‘Terrorism’''' [http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/courses16/Analytic_Metaphysics/Franda.pptx Slides] [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HLf8mpxQtNU Video]
 +
 
 +
2:30pm Carter Benson: '''The Problem with Defining ‘Terrorism’''' [http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/courses16/Analytic_Metaphysics/Benson.pptx Slides] [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZwnfhQNoXck Video]
 +
 
 +
3:00pm Uriah Burke: '''How should BFO classify film?''' [http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/courses16/Analytic_Metaphysics/Burke.pptx Slides] [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wEl7WQ83KS0 Video]
 +
 
 +
== '''Grading and Related Policies and Services''' ==
  
For 2 credit hour students, your grade is determined as follows:
+
All students will be required to take an active part in class discussions throughout the semester and to prepare a paper on some relevant topic. The paper should be submitted in a draft version on or before March 29, and in final form on or before May 3. A powerpoint version will be presented in class in one or other of the two closing sessions .
  
:1. class participation (1.5% per class attended),
+
Your grade will be determined in three equal portions deriving from:
:2. written description of ontology project (4000 words; deadline December 2) (50%),
+
:1. class participation (2.5% per class attended)
:3. class presentation (30%).
+
:2. paper (3000 words; deadline for draft: March 29; deadline for final version: May 3)
 +
:3. class presentation (graded according to quality of powerpoint slides, quality of delivery, and quality of response to questions)
  
For policy regarding incompletes see [http://undergrad-catalog.buffalo.edu/policies/grading/explanation.shtml here]
+
For policy regarding incompletes see [http://grad.buffalo.edu/Academics/Policies-Procedures/Grading-Procedures.html here]
  
 
For academic integrity policy see [http://www.grad.buffalo.edu/policies/academicintegrity.php here]
 
For academic integrity policy see [http://www.grad.buffalo.edu/policies/academicintegrity.php here]
  
 
For accessibility services see [http://www.buffalo.edu/accessibility/servc.php here]
 
For accessibility services see [http://www.buffalo.edu/accessibility/servc.php here]

Latest revision as of 15:16, 17 August 2017

The Course

This course consists in an overview of central themes in analytic metaphysics viewed from a broadly realist perspective. We begin with a historical overview of analytic metaphysics and a discussion of general categories such as universals, particulars, processes, dispositions and functions. We then extend these general categories to specific areas such as social reality, documents and document acts, disease, money, and war. The course will be of interest not only to philosophers but also to those interested in ontological applications.

Department of Philosophy: Special Topics PHI 598. Registration number: 24232

Time: Tuesdays, 1-3:50pm, Spring 2016

Room: 141 Park Hall, UB North Campus

Instructor: Barry Smith

Office hours: Tuesdays, 12:15-1pm and by appointment via email to [1]

Recommended background reading

R. Arp, B. Smith, A. D. Spear, Building Ontologies with Basic Formal Ontology
John R. Searle, Making the Social World
E. J. Lowe, The Four Category Ontology
Roman Ingarden, The Literary Work of Art. An Investigation on the Borderlines of Ontology, Logic, and Theory of Language

Schedule

February 2: Analytic Metaphysics: Introduction and Historical Background

Aristotle

What's Wrong with Contemporary Philosophy?
Austrian Philosophy
Objects and Their Environments: From Aristotle to Ecological Ontology
Pieces of a Theory
Slides
Video

February 9: Ontology of Deontic Entities

Building Ontologies with Basic Formal Ontology, Chapter 5
Massively Planned Social Agency
Document Acts and the Ontology of Social Reality
John Searle: From Speech Acts to Social Reality
Slides Contents
Video

February 16: Ontology of Deontic Entities (continued)

Massively Planned Social Agency
Slides
Video
See also materials here

February 23: Ontological Realism

Individuals, Universals and Collections
Fiat Objects
Endurantist and Perdurantist Accounts of Persistence
Slides
Video

March 1: Material Entities and Process Profiles

Classifying Processes: An Essay in Applied Ontology
On Classifying Material Entities in Basic Formal Ontology
Slides
Video

March 8: Mind, Language, Intentionality, Emotions, Truth, and Aboutness

About Aboutness
Information Artifact Ontology
Slides
Video 1
Video 2: About Aboutness

March 22: Document Acts

Document Acts
What is a Recipe?
Slides
Video

March 29: Money

The Construction of Social Reality
Money and Fictions
Toward a Science of Emerging Media
Slides
Video

April 5: The Ontology of Classification

The Weight of the Baby
Functions, Function Concepts, and Scales
Slides
Video

April 12: Organisms and Environments

On Place and Space: The Ontology of the Eruv
Slides
Video

April 19: Terrorism, Wars and Warfighting

Lecture by Colonel Bill Mandrick, PhD, Senior Fellow, Center for Special Operations Studies and Research, Joint Special Operations University

  • Basic Formal Ontology: Accurate descriptions of the operational environment
  • Network science for situational awareness
  • ASCOPE & PMESII
  • Defining 'foreign fighters'
  • The future of viral conflict
  • BFO and the Global Mobility Enterprise
  • Common core ontologies
Defining Terrorism
An Ontological Framework for Understanding the Terror-Crime Nexus
Military Ontology
Slides
Video

April 26: Presentations of Student Projects 1

1:00pm John Beverley: Basic Formal Ontology Slides Video

1:25pm J. Neil Otte: Game Theory Ontology Slides Video

1:50pm Kejin Cui: Ontology and Spatial Relations Between Land Types Slides Video

2:15pm Brian Donohue: Deontic Ontology Slides

2:40pm Daniel Shaffer: The Problem of Customary Law for Legal Ontologies Slides Video

3:05pm Alec Sculley: Tolerable Delinquency Slides

May 3: Presentations of Student Projects 2

1:00pm Jeon-Young Kang: Qualitative Reasoning with GPS Sensor Data to Estimate Infectious Disease Transmission Slides Video

1:30pm Fumiaki Toyoshima: Towards an Ontology of Schizophrenia Slides Video

2:00pm Francesco Franda: Defining ‘Terrorism’ Slides Video

2:30pm Carter Benson: The Problem with Defining ‘Terrorism’ Slides Video

3:00pm Uriah Burke: How should BFO classify film? Slides Video

Grading and Related Policies and Services

All students will be required to take an active part in class discussions throughout the semester and to prepare a paper on some relevant topic. The paper should be submitted in a draft version on or before March 29, and in final form on or before May 3. A powerpoint version will be presented in class in one or other of the two closing sessions .

Your grade will be determined in three equal portions deriving from:

1. class participation (2.5% per class attended)
2. paper (3000 words; deadline for draft: March 29; deadline for final version: May 3)
3. class presentation (graded according to quality of powerpoint slides, quality of delivery, and quality of response to questions)

For policy regarding incompletes see here

For academic integrity policy see here

For accessibility services see here