Difference between revisions of "Philosophy and Artificial Intelligence 2020"

From NCOR Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
m
m (Thu May 14 15:30 - 18:15 3h)
 
(123 intermediate revisions by the same user not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
 
[[Philosophy and Artificial Intelligence 2020 | Philosophy and Artificial Intelligence]]
 
[[Philosophy and Artificial Intelligence 2020 | Philosophy and Artificial Intelligence]]
  
'''Draft Schedule'''
+
'''Barry Smith'''
  
Wed Feb 19 14:30 -> 17:15 3h
+
==Readings==
:General introduction
+
“Making AI Meaningful Again”
::The philosophical background of AI
+
[https://arxiv.org/pdf/1901.02918.pdf]
::Turing's test and Searle's Chinese Room argument
+
 
:::Intelligence vs. consciousness
+
“There is no General AI”
::::What is intelligence and what do intelligence tests measure?
+
[https://arxiv.org/pdf/1906.05833.pdf]
 +
 
 +
==Wed Feb 19 13:30-17:15 4h==
 +
:Introduction to philosophy for AI scientists
 +
::A practical problem -- the need for consistently curated data
 +
::How ontology can solve this problem
 +
::The history of philosophy from an ontological perspective
 +
::How philosophy can benefit AI science - the case of HL7
 +
:[https://buffalo.box.com/shared/static/prdw67hwrgoti1z50sytzuvq0ynydsqt.pptx Slides]
 +
 
 +
==Thu Feb 20 09:30 - 12:15 3h==
 +
:Searle's Chinese Room argument
 +
:Intelligence vs. consciousness
 +
::What is intelligence and what do intelligence tests measure?
 +
:Driverless philosophy: How data science can help
 +
::the history of philosophy
 +
::to make progress in philosophy 
 +
:Readings:
 +
::[https://arxiv.org/pdf/1906.05833.pdf There is no general AI]
 +
::[https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10796-019-09969-z Humanness]
 +
:[https://buffalo.box.com/s/39mob6b4bnvzw5t5jca00j37qkoznqm7 Slides]
 +
 
 +
==Fri Feb 21 09:30 - 12:15 3h==
 +
:The cycles of AI enthusiasm and AI winters
 +
::[https://arxiv.org/pdf/1901.02918.pdf Making AI Meaningful Again]
 +
:Basic Formal Ontology (ISO/IEC 21838-2)
 +
:Upper Level Ontologies
 +
:DOLCE
 +
:[https://buffalo.box.com/s/3renstknwggknrr09b6r7qjco5dhoalu Slides]
 +
 
 +
==Thu May 14 15:30 - 18:15 3h==
 +
:Wittgenstein and the Turing Test. Part 1
 +
:[https://buffalo.box.com/v/Wittgenstein-Turing-1 Slides]
 +
::The Turing test
 
:::AI is a family of algorithms to automate repetitive events
 
:::AI is a family of algorithms to automate repetitive events
 
:::Deep neural networks have nothing to do with neurons
 
:::Deep neural networks have nothing to do with neurons
 
:::AI is not artificial intelligence; it is a branch of mathematics in which the attempt is made to use the Turing machine to its limits by using gigantically large amounts of data
 
:::AI is not artificial intelligence; it is a branch of mathematics in which the attempt is made to use the Turing machine to its limits by using gigantically large amounts of data
::General AI vs. Narrow AI
+
:[https://arxiv.org/pdf/1906.05833.pdf Paper:There is no general AI]
:Reading: [https://arxiv.org/pdf/1906.05833.pdf There is no general AI]
+
  
Thu Feb 20 09:30 -> 12:15 3h
+
Student presentations
:The role of ontology
+
:Carola Calabrese: Universal Intelligence - A definition of Machine intelligence
::How ontologies are used in information and data science
+
:[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f6vkNtnO-pU&feature=youtu.be]
::The Ontology of Emotions, with applications to datamining
+
:Lorenzo Bucci: Making AI Meaningful Again
::[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G4lg1_-XpiE Ontology of Language, Ontology of Terrorism, Ontology of Obligations]
+
:[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F3ht5PUD_k8&t=414s]
 +
:Emanuele Martinelli: Minds, Brains and Programs
 +
:[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SgXKm4SmMmU&feature=youtu.be]
 +
:Vinicius Emmanuel Bloise: The Limits of Machine Intelligence
 +
:[https://youtu.be/JdnfWAJG1Vo]
 +
:Hrishikesh Gupta: Creativity and Artificial Intelligence
 +
:[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g5ZfhGxwzpo&feature=youtu.be]
  
Fri Feb 21 09:30 -> 12:15 3h  
+
==Fri May 15 15:30 - 18:15 3h==
:Affordances and the background of Artificial Intelligence
+
:Wittgenstein and the Turing Test: Part 2
::[https://arxiv.org/pdf/1901.02918.pdf Making AI Meaningful Again]
+
[https://buffalo.box.com/v/Wittgenstein-Turing-2 Slides]
 +
 
 +
Student presentations
 +
:Elia Claudio Esposito: Rationality and Intelligence
 +
:[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EvUizRlkFGc]
 +
:Wei Huang: Solomonoff Induction Violates Nicod's Criterion
 +
:[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-U_ykwl1bYA]
 +
:Andrea dell'Orso: The Elephant Doesn't Play Chess
 +
:[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rgYGLG6mPU4&t=195s]
 +
:Michael Denzler: Artificial Life and the Chinese Room Argument
 +
:[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zNvT9PQ25Ks&feature=youtu.be]
 +
:Fabiana Ballarin: Alan Turing and the Mathematical Objection
 +
:[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J213zGYG064]
 +
:Marco Marabello: In Defense of Truth: Skepticism, Morality, and The Matrix
 +
:[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9W299mJ8TUU&feature=youtu.be]
  
Tue May 19 14:30 -17:15 3h
+
==Tue May 19 14:30 - 17:15 3h==
:AI and Transhumanism: Can we download the contents of our brains onto a computer and become immortal?
+
:Wittgenstein and Turing. Part 3. Dialogue, Transhumanism and Identity: Can we download the contents of our brains onto a computer and become immortal?
::AI and the meaning of life:  
+
:[https://buffalo.box.com/v/Wittgenstein-Turing-3 Slides]
<!-- Robert Nozick, David Steele in ''Scott Adams and Philosophy''
+
::[https://buffalo.box.com/v/We-are-living-in-a-simulation Scott Adams: We are living in a simulation]
Ontology of the Eruv (why it would take all the fun out of real estate if everyone could live next door to John Lennon)
+
::AI and the meaning of life: <!-- Robert Nozick, David Steele in ''Scott Adams and Philosophy''
Massive social agency is what generates all good things (e.g. opera, football, ...) -- and requires authority and punishment -->
+
::Ontology of the Eruv (why it would take all the fun out of real estate if everyone could live next door to John Lennon)
 +
::Massive social agency is what generates all good things (e.g. opera, football, ...) -- and requires authority and punishment -->
 
::[http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/articles/Matrix.pdf AI and ''The Matrix'']
 
::[http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/articles/Matrix.pdf AI and ''The Matrix'']
::
+
:[https://buffalo.box.com/s/6knt5u23f8zloxydvzp5q3c1dzbmimkf Slides]
 +
::Affordances and the background of Artificial Intelligence
 +
::[https://arxiv.org/pdf/1901.02918.pdf Making AI Meaningful Again]
  
Wed May 20 09:30 -> 12:15 3h
+
:The Emotion Ontology - Part 1
:[https://arxiv.org/pdf/1906.05833.pdf Why Turing Machines Cannot Pass the Turing Test]
+
:[https://buffalo.box.com/v/Emotion-Ontology Slides]
 +
::Applications of AI to intelligence analysis
 +
:::Case study: using sentiment analysis for the prediction of terrorist radicalization
 +
 
 +
Student presentations
 +
:Hrittik Roy: Theoretical Impediments to Machine Learning: The Role of Causal Modelling
 +
:[https://youtu.be/7VjRGzr7PjU]
 +
:David Limacher: Incorporating Ethics into Artificial Intelligence
 +
:[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MijidS_EOfs&feature=youtu.be]
 +
:Tommaso Soriani: Mind Embodied and Embedded
 +
:[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4unuPWSAZoc]
 +
:André Garcia Gomez: What to Do with the Singularity Paradox
 +
:[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WzeEyoWmB7E&t=9s]
 +
 
 +
==Wed May 20 15:30 - 18:15 3h==
 +
:[https://buffalo.box.com/v/Emotion-Ontology-2 Slides]
 +
:Basic Emotions
 +
:Aesthetic Emotions
 +
:Disease Ontology
 +
:Infectious Disease Ontology
 +
:COVID-19 Ontology
  
Fri May 22 15:30 -> 18:15 3h
 
:Artificial intelligence and digital manufacturing
 
 
Tue May 26 14:30 -> 17:15 3h
 
 
:The problem of meaningful AI
 
:The problem of meaningful AI
 
::AI and intelligence analysis
 
::AI and intelligence analysis
Line 46: Line 117:
 
::Warrant
 
::Warrant
  
Wed May 27 13:30 -> 17:00 4h
+
Student presentations:
:Driverless philosophy
+
:Mauro Mario Gentile: Can Computer Based Human-Likeness Endanger Humanness?
 +
:[https://youtu.be/LXvmRW5QMtE]
 +
:Eric Tremolanti: Why Machine Ethics?
 +
:[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hLV7s16A0jk]
 +
:Michael Mazourik: The Social Dilemma of Autonomous Vehicles
 +
:Alessandro Cecconi: Which Symbol Grounding Problem Should We Try to Solve?
 +
:[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fHO_jmRjku0&feature=youtu.be]
  
Thu May 28 09:30 -> 12:15 3h  
+
==Tue May 26 14:30 - 17:15 3h==
:Dialogue with Jobst Landgrebe (Cognotekt, Cologne) on the Social Impact of AI
+
:Language+
 +
::An Ontology of Terrorism
 +
::Sentiment Analysis
 +
::An Ontology of Language
 +
::Language+Behaviour
 +
::Language+Violence
 +
:[https://buffalo.box.com/v/Language-Terrorism Slides]
  
 +
==Wed May 27 14:30 - 17:15 3h==
 +
:Dialogue with Jobst Landgrebe (Cognotekt, Cologne)
 +
:1. AI and the Mathematics of Complex Systems
 +
:2. AI and the Ontology of Power
  
'''Reading'''
+
[https://buffalo.box.com/v/AI-Limits-and-Impact Slides]
 +
 
 +
Jobst Landgrebe is the founder and CEO of Cognotekt, GmBH, an AI company based in Cologne specialised in the design and implementation of holistic AI solutions. He has 16 years experience in AI field, 8 years as a management consultant and software architect. He has also worked as a physician and mathematician.
 +
 
 +
==Further Background Reading==
 +
:[https://web.archive.org/web/20191209181112/https://jordanbpeterson.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/Essay_Writing_Guide.docx Jordan Peterson's Essay Writing Guide]
  
 
:Gerald J. Erion and Barry Smith, “[http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/articles/Matrix.pdf In Defense of Truth: Skepticism, Morality, and The Matrix]”, in W. Irwin (ed.), ''Philosophy and The Matrix'', La Salle and Chicago: Open Court, 2002, 16–27.
 
:Gerald J. Erion and Barry Smith, “[http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/articles/Matrix.pdf In Defense of Truth: Skepticism, Morality, and The Matrix]”, in W. Irwin (ed.), ''Philosophy and The Matrix'', La Salle and Chicago: Open Court, 2002, 16–27.
  
:Max More and Natasha Vita-More (Eds.), ''The Transhumanist Reader: Classical and Contemporary Essays on the Science, Technology, and Philosophy of the Human Future'', Wiley-Blackwell, 2013.
+
:Max More and Natasha Vita-More (Eds.), ''The Transhumanist Reader: Classical and Contemporary Essays on the Science, Technology, and Philosophy of the Human Future'', Wiley-Blackwell, 2013.
 +
 
 +
:Jobst Landgrebe and Barry Smith, “[https://arxiv.org/pdf/1901.02918.pdf Making AI Meaningful Again]”, ''Synthese'', DOI 10.1007/s11229-019-02192-y
  
Jobst Landgrebe and Barry Smith, “[https://arxiv.org/pdf/1901.02918.pdf Making AI Meaningful Again]”, ''Synthese'', DOI 10.1007/s11229-019-02192-y
+
==Advance Notice of [[Philosophy and Artificial Intelligence 2021]]==

Latest revision as of 11:11, 23 September 2020

Philosophy and Artificial Intelligence

Barry Smith

Readings

“Making AI Meaningful Again” [1]

“There is no General AI” [2]

Wed Feb 19 13:30-17:15 4h

Introduction to philosophy for AI scientists
A practical problem -- the need for consistently curated data
How ontology can solve this problem
The history of philosophy from an ontological perspective
How philosophy can benefit AI science - the case of HL7
Slides

Thu Feb 20 09:30 - 12:15 3h

Searle's Chinese Room argument
Intelligence vs. consciousness
What is intelligence and what do intelligence tests measure?
Driverless philosophy: How data science can help
the history of philosophy
to make progress in philosophy
Readings:
There is no general AI
Humanness
Slides

Fri Feb 21 09:30 - 12:15 3h

The cycles of AI enthusiasm and AI winters
Making AI Meaningful Again
Basic Formal Ontology (ISO/IEC 21838-2)
Upper Level Ontologies
DOLCE
Slides

Thu May 14 15:30 - 18:15 3h

Wittgenstein and the Turing Test. Part 1
Slides
The Turing test
AI is a family of algorithms to automate repetitive events
Deep neural networks have nothing to do with neurons
AI is not artificial intelligence; it is a branch of mathematics in which the attempt is made to use the Turing machine to its limits by using gigantically large amounts of data
Paper:There is no general AI

Student presentations

Carola Calabrese: Universal Intelligence - A definition of Machine intelligence
[3]
Lorenzo Bucci: Making AI Meaningful Again
[4]
Emanuele Martinelli: Minds, Brains and Programs
[5]
Vinicius Emmanuel Bloise: The Limits of Machine Intelligence
[6]
Hrishikesh Gupta: Creativity and Artificial Intelligence
[7]

Fri May 15 15:30 - 18:15 3h

Wittgenstein and the Turing Test: Part 2

Slides

Student presentations

Elia Claudio Esposito: Rationality and Intelligence
[8]
Wei Huang: Solomonoff Induction Violates Nicod's Criterion
[9]
Andrea dell'Orso: The Elephant Doesn't Play Chess
[10]
Michael Denzler: Artificial Life and the Chinese Room Argument
[11]
Fabiana Ballarin: Alan Turing and the Mathematical Objection
[12]
Marco Marabello: In Defense of Truth: Skepticism, Morality, and The Matrix
[13]

Tue May 19 14:30 - 17:15 3h

Wittgenstein and Turing. Part 3. Dialogue, Transhumanism and Identity: Can we download the contents of our brains onto a computer and become immortal?
Slides
Scott Adams: We are living in a simulation
AI and the meaning of life:
AI and The Matrix
Slides
Affordances and the background of Artificial Intelligence
Making AI Meaningful Again
The Emotion Ontology - Part 1
Slides
Applications of AI to intelligence analysis
Case study: using sentiment analysis for the prediction of terrorist radicalization

Student presentations

Hrittik Roy: Theoretical Impediments to Machine Learning: The Role of Causal Modelling
[14]
David Limacher: Incorporating Ethics into Artificial Intelligence
[15]
Tommaso Soriani: Mind Embodied and Embedded
[16]
André Garcia Gomez: What to Do with the Singularity Paradox
[17]

Wed May 20 15:30 - 18:15 3h

Slides
Basic Emotions
Aesthetic Emotions
Disease Ontology
Infectious Disease Ontology
COVID-19 Ontology
The problem of meaningful AI
AI and intelligence analysis
The Cognitive Process Ontology
Warrant

Student presentations:

Mauro Mario Gentile: Can Computer Based Human-Likeness Endanger Humanness?
[18]
Eric Tremolanti: Why Machine Ethics?
[19]
Michael Mazourik: The Social Dilemma of Autonomous Vehicles
Alessandro Cecconi: Which Symbol Grounding Problem Should We Try to Solve?
[20]

Tue May 26 14:30 - 17:15 3h

Language+
An Ontology of Terrorism
Sentiment Analysis
An Ontology of Language
Language+Behaviour
Language+Violence
Slides

Wed May 27 14:30 - 17:15 3h

Dialogue with Jobst Landgrebe (Cognotekt, Cologne)
1. AI and the Mathematics of Complex Systems
2. AI and the Ontology of Power

Slides

Jobst Landgrebe is the founder and CEO of Cognotekt, GmBH, an AI company based in Cologne specialised in the design and implementation of holistic AI solutions. He has 16 years experience in AI field, 8 years as a management consultant and software architect. He has also worked as a physician and mathematician.

Further Background Reading

Jordan Peterson's Essay Writing Guide
Gerald J. Erion and Barry Smith, “In Defense of Truth: Skepticism, Morality, and The Matrix”, in W. Irwin (ed.), Philosophy and The Matrix, La Salle and Chicago: Open Court, 2002, 16–27.
Max More and Natasha Vita-More (Eds.), The Transhumanist Reader: Classical and Contemporary Essays on the Science, Technology, and Philosophy of the Human Future, Wiley-Blackwell, 2013.
Jobst Landgrebe and Barry Smith, “Making AI Meaningful Again”, Synthese, DOI 10.1007/s11229-019-02192-y

Advance Notice of Philosophy and Artificial Intelligence 2021