Information Artifact Ontologies

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Workshop organized as part of the International Conference on Formal Ontology in Information Systems FOIS 2014

Workshop Date: September 22, 2014

Conference Dates: September 22-25, 2014

Update: IAO now on Github

See here


This workshop, held in conjunction with the FOIS 2014 conference, is designed to provide a forum for discussion of both foundational and practical issues relating to the ontological representation of information artifacts. We welcome three types of submissions: tutorial proposals (1-page), longer papers (up to 6 pages), and short progress reports (1-page).


Information artifacts such as photographs, newspaper articles, books, entries in databases, computer programs, emails, video clips are entities which can be used in a variety of ways that depend on their being about something (having a topic or content or subject-matter). Information artifacts also have a variety of further attributes, including format, purpose, evidence, provenance, operational relevance, security markings. Data concerning such attributes (often called ‘metadata’) are vital to the effective exploitation of the reports, images, or signals documents for purposes of discovery and analysis.

Various attempts have been made to create controlled vocabularies for the consistent formulation of such metadata in order to enhance the degree to which the content formulated with their aid will be available to computational reasoning. These include:

Adverse Event Reporting Ontology (AERO)
Annotation Ontology
Dublin Core
FRBR-aligned Bibliographic Ontology (FaBiO)
Information Artifact Ontology (IAO)
Ontologies using IAO
State Health Databases
LOINC Document Ontology
Ontology of Data Mining (OntoDM)
Systems Biology Ontology (SBO)

Definition and Scope

The goal of this workshop is to advance work on information artifact ontologies along the following axes:

1. introductory tutorials providing training in the development and use of specific ontologies
2. discussion of foundational issues concerning the ontological treatment of information artifacts and information entities and also concerning issues of dissemination (how can we advance the degree to which different communities use common, useful and usable ontologies)
3. advancing convergence among resources developed to represent information artifacts in various domains
4. sharing of information on existing initiatives and on plans for further development.

The workshop will accordingly consist of a mixture of tutorials, longer papers under headings 2. and 3., and short progress reports under heading 4. All tutorial proposals and papers will be refereed.

Workshop Schedule


Topics to be addressed will include:
-- The OBO Foundry
-- Basic Formal Ontology
-- IAO Core
-- IAO Core and Dublin Core
-- IAO and its extensions
-- The Ontology of Document Acts
  • 13:00 Lunch
  • 14:00 Invited Talk by Kit Fine (New York University): Truthmaking and Semantics
  • Abstract: I shall outline a theory of truthmakers under which it is required that the truthmaker for a sentence should be wholly relevant to its truth and I shall consider the application of the theory to a number of topics in philosophy, linguistics and artificial intelligence.
  • 15:30 Break
  • 15:45 Mathias Brochhausen: Predictions, Simulations, Assessments: How to Deal with Data Items that are Not About Something Slides
  • 16:15 Tatiana Malyuta: Proposal for an Information Artifact Ontology Core Slides
  • 16:45 Xiaowei Wang, Nicola Guarino, Giancarlo Guizzardi and John Mylopoulos: Software as an Information Artifact

Organizing Committee

Mauricio B. Almeida (Minas Gerais)

Mathias Brochhausen (Arkansas)

Laura Slaughter (Oslo)

Barry Smith (Chair, Buffalo)

Scientific Committee

Renata Maria Abrantes Baracho (Minas Gerais)

Marcello Peixoto Bax (Minas Gerais)

Werner Ceusters (Buffalo)

Janna Hastings (EBI)

Tatiana Malyuta (CUNY)

Ronald Rudnicki (CUBRC, Buffalo)

Renato Rocha Souza (Getúlio Vargas Foundation, Rio)

Frederico Fonseca (Penn State University)


Deadline for submissions: May 22, 2014 midnight GMT

The link to submissions in EasyChair for the IAO workshop is at Submission opens April 14, 2014 and closes on May 22, 2014.

Deadline for notification of acceptance: June 15, 2014

Deadline for camera-ready copy August 15, 2014


Graduate Program in Information Science of the Federal University of Minas Gerais

National Center for Biomedical Ontology (NCBO)

National Center for Ontological Research (NCOR)