Philosophy and Artificial Intelligence 2020

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Philosophy and Artificial Intelligence

Barry Smith

Readings

“Making AI Meaningful Again” [1]

“There is no General AI” [2]

Wed Feb 19 13:30-17:15 4h

Introduction to philosophy for AI scientists
A practical problem -- the need for consistently curated data
How ontology can solve this problem
The history of philosophy from an ontological perspective
How philosophy can benefit AI science - the case of HL7
Slides

Thu Feb 20 09:30 - 12:15 3h

Searle's Chinese Room argument
Intelligence vs. consciousness
What is intelligence and what do intelligence tests measure?
Driverless philosophy: How data science can help
the history of philosophy
to make progress in philosophy
Readings:
There is no general AI
Humanness
Slides

Fri Feb 21 09:30 - 12:15 3h

The cycles of AI enthusiasm and AI winters
Making AI Meaningful Again
Basic Formal Ontology (ISO/IEC 21838-2)
Upper Level Ontologies
DOLCE
Slides

Thu May 14 15:30 - 18:15 3h

Wittgenstein and the Turing Test. Part 1
Slides
The Turing test
AI is a family of algorithms to automate repetitive events
Deep neural networks have nothing to do with neurons
AI is not artificial intelligence; it is a branch of mathematics in which the attempt is made to use the Turing machine to its limits by using gigantically large amounts of data
Paper:There is no general AI

Student presentations

Carola Calabrese: Universal Intelligence - A definition of Machine intelligence
[3]
Lorenzo Bucci: Making AI Meaningful Again
[4]
Emanuele Martinelli: Minds, Brains and Programs
[5]
Vinicius Emmanuel Bloise: The Limits of Machine Intelligence
[6]
Hrishikesh Gupta: Creativity and Artificial Intelligence
[7]

Fri May 15 15:30 - 18:15 3h

Wittgenstein and the Turing Test: Part 2

Slides

Student presentations

Elia Claudio Esposito: Rationality and Intelligence
[8]
Wei Huang: Solomonoff Induction Violates Nicod's Criterion
[9]
Andrea dell'Orso: The Elephant Doesn't Play Chess
[10]
Michael Denzler: Artificial Life and the Chinese Room Argument
[11]
Fabiana Ballarin: Alan Turing and the Mathematical Objection
[12]
Marco Marabello: In Defense of Truth: Skepticism, Morality, and The Matrix
[13]

Tue May 19 14:30 - 17:15 3h

Wittgenstein and Turing. Part 3. Dialogue, Transhumanism and Identity: Can we download the contents of our brains onto a computer and become immortal?
Slides
Scott Adams: We are living in a simulation
AI and the meaning of life:
AI and The Matrix
Slides
Affordances and the background of Artificial Intelligence
Making AI Meaningful Again
The Emotion Ontology - Part 1
Slides
Applications of AI to intelligence analysis
Case study: using sentiment analysis for the prediction of terrorist radicalization

Student presentations

Hrittik Roy: Theoretical Impediments to Machine Learning: The Role of Causal Modelling
[14]
David Limacher: Incorporating Ethics into Artificial Intelligence
[15]
Tommaso Soriani: Mind Embodied and Embedded
[16]
André Garcia Gomez: What to Do with the Singularity Paradox
[17]

Wed May 20 15:30 - 18:15 3h

Slides
Basic Emotions
Aesthetic Emotions
Disease Ontology
Infectious Disease Ontology
COVID-19 Ontology
The problem of meaningful AI
AI and intelligence analysis
The Cognitive Process Ontology
Warrant

Student presentations:

Mauro Mario Gentile: Can Computer Based Human-Likeness Endanger Humanness?
[18]
Eric Tremolanti: Why Machine Ethics?
[19]
Michael Mazourik: The Social Dilemma of Autonomous Vehicles
Alessandro Cecconi: Which Symbol Grounding Problem Should We Try to Solve?
[20]

Tue May 26 14:30 - 17:15 3h

Language+
An Ontology of Terrorism
Sentiment Analysis
An Ontology of Language
Language+Behaviour
Language+Violence
Slides

Wed May 27 14:30 - 17:15 3h

Dialogue with Jobst Landgrebe (Cognotekt, Cologne)
1. AI and the Mathematics of Complex Systems
2. AI and the Ontology of Power

Slides

Jobst Landgrebe is the founder and CEO of Cognotekt, GmBH, an AI company based in Cologne specialised in the design and implementation of holistic AI solutions. He has 16 years experience in AI field, 8 years as a management consultant and software architect. He has also worked as a physician and mathematician.

Further Background Reading

Jordan Peterson's Essay Writing Guide
Gerald J. Erion and Barry Smith, “In Defense of Truth: Skepticism, Morality, and The Matrix”, in W. Irwin (ed.), Philosophy and The Matrix, La Salle and Chicago: Open Court, 2002, 16–27.
Max More and Natasha Vita-More (Eds.), The Transhumanist Reader: Classical and Contemporary Essays on the Science, Technology, and Philosophy of the Human Future, Wiley-Blackwell, 2013.
Jobst Landgrebe and Barry Smith, “Making AI Meaningful Again”, Synthese, DOI 10.1007/s11229-019-02192-y

Advance Notice of Philosophy and Artificial Intelligence 2021